Bed bugs have taken over epidemic proportions in some cities like New York. It is an infestation which has affected hotels, public transports, movie theaters and residences. Resolving this problem takes special methods. One of the most effective bed bug exterminations is through the use of heat treatment.
Bed bugs are cozy creatures which require a relatively narrow living environment. Most insects can live in a wide range of temperatures. However, bed bugs will die when exposed to hot temperatures. Bed bugs, including the eggs, immediately die at 122°F (50°C). Alternatively, they also expire after 90 minutes of 118°F (48°C) temperatures. To reach these temperatures, heat treatment methods have to reach an ambient temperature of at least 135°F (57.2°C), up to 145°F (62.7°C).
Pest management professionals (PMP) monitor the temperature with the use of remote thermometers placed around the home. It is important that even cold areas are treated. Otherwise, there is the possibility that bed bugs would move away from the heated areas to colder places. The treatment takes from 6 to 8 hours to reach the prescribed temperatures.
Heat treatment does not mean that all the bed bugs have been eradicated. There is still the chance of reinfestation. Steps need to be taken to prevent reinfestation.
Heat treatment is the most effective method to treat bed bugs. However, there are other methods, some as effective, but there is the cost and the time to consider. Steam cleaners can be used on furniture, the bed and clothes or laundry. However, it cannot treat for bed bugs hiding in cold areas. Another method is powder poison. This practically poisons the whole home. Although it is not harmful to humans, it can get on your skin or food.
Additionally, bed bugs become immune to poison. Freezing works as well as heat treatment. However, freezing takes a long time to do. While the house temperature is being lowered, the residents will have to find some other lodging.